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Open Access Research

Comparing long term impact on ovarian reserve between laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy and open laprotomy for ovarian endometrioma

Moustafa M Zaitoun, Mohamed Moustafa Zaitoun and Manal M El Behery*

Author Affiliations

Obstetrics & Gynecology Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

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Journal of Ovarian Research 2013, 6:76  doi:10.1186/1757-2215-6-76

Published: 2 November 2013

Abstract

Objective

To compare the long term impact on ovarian reserve between laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy with bipolar electrocoagulation and laparotomic cystectomy with suturing for ovarian endometrotic cyst.

Patient and method(s)

121 patients with benign ovarian endometroitic cysts were randomised to either laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy using bipolar electrocoagulation (61 patients) or laparotomic ovarian cystectomy using sutures (60 patients). Serum follicle-stimulating hormone, Antimullerian hormon, Basal antral follicle Count, mean ovarian diameter, and ovarian stromal blood flow velocity were measured at 6, 12 and 18 months after surgery and compared in both groups.

Result(s)

A statistically significant increase of serum FSH was found in the laproscopic bipolar group at 6-, 12 and 18-month postoperativly compared to open laparotomy suture group. Also, a statistically significant decrease of the mean AMH value occurred in laproscopic bipolar group at 6-, 12 and 18-month follow- up compared to open laparotomy suture group. Basal antral follicle number, mean ovarian diameter and peak systolic velocity were significantly decreased during the 6-, 12,18 -month follow-up in laproscopic bipolar group compared to open laparotomy suture group.

Conclusion(s)

After laproscopic ovarian cystecomy for endometrioma all pareameter of ovarian reseve are significantly decreased on long term follow up as compared to open laprotomy.

Keywords:
Ovarian cysts; Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy; Electrocoagulation; Ovarian reserve